Construction Employment Lags or Matches Pre-Pandemic Level in 101 Metro Areas Despite Housing Boom

Construction employment declined or stagnated in 101 metro areas between February 2020, the last month before the pandemic, and last month, according to a recently released analysis by the Associated General Contractors of America of government employment data. Association officials said that labor shortages and supply chain problems were keeping many firms from adding workers in many parts of the country.

“Typically, construction employment increases between February and June in all but 30 metro areas,” said Ken Simonson, the association’s chief economist. “The fact that more than three times as many metros as usual failed to add construction jobs, despite a hot housing market, is an indication of the continuing impact of the pandemic on both demand for nonresidential projects and the supply of workers.”

Eighty metro areas had lower construction employment in June 2021 than February 2020, while industry employment was unchanged in 21 areas. Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, Texas lost the most jobs: 33,400 or 14 percent. Major losses also occurred in New York City (-22,000 jobs, -14 percent); Midland, Texas (-9,300 jobs, -24 percent); Odessa, Texas (-7,900 jobs, -38 percent) and Baton Rouge, Louisiana (-7,700 jobs, -16 percent). Odessa had the largest percentage decline, followed by Lake Charles, Louisiana (-34 percent, -6,700 jobs); Laredo, Texas (-25 percent, -1,000 jobs); Midland; and Longview, Texas (-22 percent, -3,300 jobs).

Of the 257 metro areas – 72 percent – added construction jobs over the February 2020 level, Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, Illinois added the most construction jobs over 16 months (14,300 jobs, 12 percent), followed by Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, Minneapolis-Wisconsin (13,800 jobs, 18 percent); Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson, Indiana (10,700 jobs, 20 percent); Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills, Michigan (9,300 jobs, 18 percent); and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (7,600 jobs, 13 percent). Fargo, North Dakota-Minnesota had the highest percentage increase (50 percent, 3,700 jobs), followed by Sierra Vista-Douglas, Arizona (48 percent, 1,200 jobs); Bay City, Michigan (45 percent, 500 jobs); St. Cloud, Minnesota (39 percent, 2,400 jobs) and Kankakee, Illinois (36 percent, 400 jobs).

Association officials urged Congress and the Biden administration to make new investments in workforce development and to take steps to address supply chain issues. “They called for additional funding for career and technical education; they noted that craft training receives only one-sixth as much federal funding as college preparation.” They also continued to call on the president to remove tariffs on key construction materials like steel and aluminum.

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